Nilaparvata lugens, called as brown planthoppers (BPH), is one of the important pests on rice. To identify the origin of Korean N. lugens, we completed the mitochondrial genome of N. lugens captured in Guangdong province, China. The circular mitogenome of N. lugens is 17,606 bp including 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNAs, 22 tRNAs, and a single large non-coding region of 2,424 bp. The base composition was AT-biased (89.5\%). Ninety single nucleotide polymorphisms and ten insertions and deletions are identified by comparing with Korean N. lugens. Phylogenetic trees present that Guangdong may not be an origin of Korean BPH based on the distance of two mitochondrial genomes.